From 2015[update], Andorra, Monaco and San Marino negotiated an association agreement with the EU. Andorra`s ambassador to Spain, Jaume Gaytén, said he hoped the agreement would include provisions that would make states associated with the Schengen agreement.  In many border crossing points at external borders, there are special routes for citizens of the EU, the EEA, Switzerland (as well as their family members) and other routes for all travellers, regardless of nationality.  At some border crossing points at the external border, there is a third route for Schedule II travellers (i.e. third-country/EEA/Swiss nationals who are exempt from the visa requirement).  Although Andorran and San Marines citizens are not EU or EEA citizens, they may use special routes for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens.  British citizens will not be able to use the EU`s trace after Brexit under current rules, unless such a right is introduced into the Brexit deal with the EU. Before reaching an agreement with a neighbouring country, the Schengen State must obtain the authorisation of the European Commission, which must certify that the draft agreement complies with the regulation. The agreement can only be concluded if the neighbouring EEA state and the Swiss on the Schengen side of the border area at least grant reciprocal rights and accept the repatriation of those who have abused the border agreement. After Slovakia, Denmark, the Czech Republic and Poland announced in mid-March the complete closure of their national borders, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said that „some controls may be justified, but the World Health Organization does not consider general travel bans to be the most effective.
In addition, they have strong social and economic repercussions, disrupting people`s lives and affairs across borders.  Von der Leyen also apologised to Italy, amid widespread Italian discontent over Europe`s lack of solidarity.  Until the end of March 2020, almost all of Schengen`s internal borders were closed to non-essential travel. By July 2020, most of the borders closed due to coronavirus had been reopened. Originally, the Schengen area had its legal base outside the European Economic Community at the time, after being created by a subgroup of Community Member States with two international agreements: the EU`s inability to agree on a fair distribution of refugees and secure their external borders threatens not only Schengen, but also the European project as a whole, he said in an interview with the Austrian newspaper. Schengen states that share a common land border with a third state are allowed, in accordance with the European Union Regulation 1931/2006, to conclude or maintain bilateral agreements with neighbouring third countries for the purpose of implementing a border area system.  Such agreements define a border area of up to 50 km on both sides of the border and provide for the granting of permits for small border traffic for the inhabitants of the border area. Authorizations can be used to cross the EU`s external border within the border area, are not stamped when crossing the border and must include the name and photo of the holder, as well as a statement indicating that the holder is not allowed to travel outside the border area and that any abuse is punishable.