Since it would be impossible for the parties to an agreement to enter into their contract of an expensive complexity and cost, the act provides for delay rules that fill the gaps in the parties` actual agreement. A common practice in the microeconomics of contract theory is to present a decision maker`s behavior under certain numerical use structures, and then apply an optimization algorithm to identify optimal choices. In the context of contract theory, such a process has been used in several typical situations, described as unfavourable moral hazard, selection and signalling. The spirit of these models is to find theoretical ways to motivate agents to take appropriate action, including under an insurance contract. The main results obtained by this model family include the mathematical characteristics of the supply structure of the client and agent, the easing of assumptions and variations in the time structure of the contract, among others. It is customary to model people as maximizers of some of the neumann-Morgenstern utility functions, as the expected use theory says. With regard to tenders (i.e. both parties), the additional dimension of the sacrifice offer is added and the contract by the contract by the most optimal contract can be exceeded. The Par Treaty as part of a deal is the treaty that derives from the optimal precepts of both parties and which could be improved by other offers. It will either be equal to the optimal one-page contract or it will exceed the optimal contract of both parties. If the latter, it is considered by only if the double penalty is less than the value of the optimal opposing contract. In economics, contract theory studies how economic operators can and make contractual agreements, usually in the presence of information asymmetry. Because of its links with agencies and incentives, contract theory is often classified in an area known as law and economics.
One of the most important applications is the development of optimal rules for executive compensation. In the field of economics, the first formal treatment of this subject was given by Kenneth Arrow in the 1960s. In 2016, Oliver Hart and Bengt R. Holmstrom were awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for their work on contract theory, which covered a wide range of topics ranging from CEO salaries to privatizations. Holmstrom (MIT) has focused more on the link between incentives and risks, while Hart (Harvard) focuses on the unpredictability of the future, which creates holes in contracts.  The result by is the score that results from the contract by and on which no dermème could reasonably improve by changing the direction of the game.  Game theorists would call such a result by Nash`s balance. The term BATNA comes from one of the methods of negotiation strategy: that developed by Roger Fisher and William Ury Concept Harvard. Behind the acronym BATNA lies the „best alternative to a negotiated agreement“, the best alternative to the negotiating agreement.