Ironically, India and China continue to see these agreements as the basis for the vision of progress on the issue of borders. Afghanistan – Reconciliation talks between the United States and the Taliban, as the United States negotiates its exit from Afghanistan, raises New Delhi`s fears about the Taliban`s return and is another potential stimulus. This article calibrates the changes that our future engagement with China after the Galwan incident will see. The first victim was trust between the two countries. Then there could be strategic communication between the two countries. Therefore, India`s response to the incident should be based on these changes. The 2005 agreement had virtually outlined the contours of an agreement taking into account the „strategic and reasonable interests“ of both parties. It imposed any regulations „that should protect the interests of its populated population in border areas.“ China has begun to insist that the Basic Law be „improved“ – the mini-constitution that defines relations between Hong Kong and Beijing – and signals a fundamental change in the way the city-state is managed autonomously. China`s parliament will debate a controversial national security law for Hong Kong. China`s Vice President will sign agreements that will mark cooperation in improving river water management and cultural exchanges.
Convinced that an early settlement of the border issue will promote the fundamental interests of both countries and should therefore be pursued as a strategic objective, you agreed on the following policy parameters and guiding principles for a border settlement: Article I Border differences should not influence the overall development of bilateral relations. Both sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. Neither party can use or threaten to use violence against the other party by any means. The final resolution of the border issue will greatly promote good neighbourly and friendly relations between India and China. Article II Both sides should strive, in accordance with the five principles of peaceful coexistence, to achieve a just, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to the border issue through equal consultations from the political perspective of the whole bilateral relations. Article III Both sides should make judicious and mutually acceptable adaptations of their respective positions on the border issue in a spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding in order to reach a comprehensive solution to the border issue. The border settlement must be final and cover all areas of the India-China border. Article IV Both parties will take due account of each other`s strategic and reasonable interests and the principle of mutual and equal security. (d) Defence cooperation between Japan and South Korea Both sides also agreed to engage in talks on a civilian nuclear agreement to expand their civilian nuclear programs.